The Antarctic Peninsula is one of the regions on Earth most affected by current global warming. Since the 50’s, atmospheric temperature has risen by about +3°C. The thermometer regularly beats new records, such as in 2015 where the summer air temperature reached up to 19.5°C at the Argentinian Esperanza station, northwest of the Peninsula. During our “Drake 2018” oceanographic campaign, we had several days of rain south of 60 degrees, which was still unusual a couple of years ago. The temperature outside was up to nearly 13°C during a very cloudy night. Such conditions might become common in Antarctica with unfortunately dramatic consequences for life and climate on Earth if the Paris agreement and objectives of limiting global warming to less than 1.5-2°C are not respected.
Johan, Meghan & Dimitris